In this experiment we conducted bending tests on several different specimens of Aluminum as well as Ceramics. Using the data gathered from these tests as well as measurements we took of their primary dimensions, we calculated (for each specimen) modulus of rupture, flexure strain, Young's modulus, as well as specific strength and stiffness. These tests gave us insight into new characteristics of aluminum and ceramics that allowed us to better understand their applications in industry.
This report provides insight into the magnetic phenomenon of Hysteresis. Hysteresis is defined as a retardation effect where the magnetisation of a magnetic material lags behind the magnetizing force. Here we will explore the hysteresis loop for a silver steel ferromagnet and use this to discover it’s magnetic properties. The method used will be to place a ferromagnet inside a solenoid with an alternating voltage which will continually reverse the magnetic field and magnetism direction. The relation between these two quantities will be used to produce a hysteresis loop from which magnetic properties can be deduced. The results obtained were: saturation magnetisation = (8.4±0.5)(105)Am-1; remnant magnetisation = (5.9±0.5)(105)Am-1; coercive field: (4.3±0.5)(104)Am-1; energy expended per cycle per unit volume of material: (1.55±0.05)(103)Jm-3s-1; energy product: (8.7±3.0)(104)Jm-3.